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    Pregnancy and Fertility Treatment

    What is Pregnancy? A new life is born through a variety of processes

    There are many stages and hurdles involved in pregnancy, from fertilization, to the growth of the fertilized egg, to the safe birth of the baby. Pregnancy is a process that involves a number of steps.

    After being ejaculated into the vagina, sperm travels through the cervix and uterus to the fallopian tubes, where it waits for the ovulated egg to arrive.
    The eggs that have grown during the follicular phase are ejected from the ovaries and transported to the fallopian tubes.
    One of the sperm ejaculated into the vagina will fertilize the egg.
    "Development of a fertilized embryo"
    The fertilized egg travels from the fallopian tube towards the uterus and after repeated cell division, it eventually reaches the uterus.
    The fertilized egg takes root in the endometrium of the uterus.
    "Embryonic development after implantation"
    If the fertilized embryo grows smoothly after implantation, a pregnancy reaction will appear in about 10 days.

    If the above process is successful, the baby grows inside the mother’s womb and is delivered approximately 280 days later.

    What is Infertility? 1 in 6 people globally affected by infertility

    Infertility is defined as "the failure of a healthy man or woman who wishes to conceive to achieve pregnancy for more than one year despite having unprotected intercourse.”
    Some pregnancies can be conceived naturally, with or without treatment, but nearly half of these pregnancies fail with unknown causes. The older the woman,, the more difficult it may be for herto conceive naturally.

    Infertility Prevalence Estimates, 1990–2021( 3 April 2023/WHO)

    What are the steps in fertility treatment? What kind of treatment will be provided?

    The first step is to go to a medical institution for a general infertility test. Here, your basal body temperature will be measured, tests will be done to determine the cause of infertility, including ones that pertain to lifestyle changes
    The tests examining the cause of infertility include the couple's ovulation and sperm status.
    If the test shows that there is a cause for difficulty in conceiving, treatment will be given. If no specific cause is found, the timing method will be used.
    If the timing method does not result in pregnancy, artificial insemination is proposed.
    If this also does not result in pregnancy, the patient may be transferred to a clinic specializing in advanced reproductive medicine, where they may choose to move up to advanced fertility treatments such as IVF and ICSI.

    These are the steps for fertility treatment.

    The treatment will be tailored to the treatment process, the couple's background, and the cause of the problem, but the truth is that IVF does not ensure a 100% pregnancy rate.

    Timing Method Probability of achieving pregnancy: around 10% Artificial Insemination Probability of achieving pregnancy: around 10% Assisted reproductive technology(ART) Probability of achieving pregnancy: around 40% (Early thirties)

    Does a Woman's Age Affect Her Pregnancy? Pregnancy Rate and Miscarriage Rate

    There is a significant relationship between a woman's age and her pregnancy. The older a woman gets, the lower her pregnancy rate and the higher her miscarriage rate. This is due to e a decline in not only the quality of eggs, but also the quantity.

    Can the Environment in the Uterus Affect Pregnancy? New Fertility Treatment Possibilities That Go Beyond Eggs and Embryos

    As mentioned above, there are cases where IVF does not result in implantation or pregnancy.
    Recent research suggests that it may be important to investigate whether the environment in the womb, the baby's bedroom, is suitable for implantation, and that this may be anarea for new possibilities in fertility treatment.